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Great Ocean Road

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Great Ocean Road




Island Archway vor dem Einsturz im Juni 2009
Great Ocean Road südlich von Lorne

Die Great Ocean Road ist eine rund 250 km lange Straße, die entlang der australischen Südküste zwischen Geelong und Warrnambool im Bundesstaat Victoria verläuft. Sie gilt als eine der bekanntesten Scenic Routes bei Touristen in Australien.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

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Geschichte [Bearbeiten]

Die erste Idee einer Straße entlang der Südküste Victorias reicht zurück ins Jahr 1864. Diese sollte in erster Linie eine Verbindung der zahlreichen Küstenorte und Fischerhäfen entlang der Küste auf dem Landweg sein, die bis dahin nur per Schiff zu erreichen waren.

Konkrete Planungen und Erkundungen für einen möglichen Verlauf der Strecke begannen aber erst 1918. 1919 wurde mit dem Bau der Straße begonnen. Ausgeführt wurden die Arbeiten von heimkehrenden Soldaten des ersten Weltkrieges. Für diese diente der Bau der Straße zum einen als Arbeitsbeschaffungsmaßnahme durch die Regierung Victorias, zum anderen war es auch die Errichtung eines Kriegsdenkmales zum Gedenken an die im Krieg gefallenen Kameraden.

Aufgrund der besonderen geographischen Gegebenheiten war der Bau sehr schwierig und langwierig. So wurde der erste Abschnitt zwischen Torquay und Lorne im Jahr 1922 fertiggestellt. Als nächstes folgten einzelne Abschnitte, welche von Westen her gebaut wurden. Der letzte und komplizierteste Abschnitt war die Strecke zwischen Apollo Bay und Lorne, welche im Jahr 1932 fertig gestellt wurde. Damit waren die Bauarbeiten beendet und die Strecke erstmals durchgängig befahrbar.

Eine der bekanntesten Gesteinsformationen Australiens, der Island Archway, ein über 25 m hoher Bogen, ist am 10. Juni 2009 eingestürzt.[1]

Verlauf [Bearbeiten]

Leuchtturm am Split Point bei Lorne

Südlich von Geelong zweigt der Surfcoast Highway vom Princes Highway ab und führt nach Torquay an der Küste des Landes. Dieser erste Abschnitt wird oft als Teil der Great Ocean Road angesehen. Deren offizieller Beginn befindet sich jedoch außerhalb von Torquay.

Von Torquay aus folgt die Great Ocean Road dem Verlauf der Küste in südwestlicher Richtung. Sie verbindet das Surferparadies Bells Beach und die Ferienorte Anglesea, Lorne und Apollo Bay. Auf diesem Abschnitt reichen die Berge des Hinterlandes teilweise bis ins Meer und die Great Ocean Road schlängelt sich in einem sehr kurvenreichen Verlauf an deren Rändern entlang. Dies bietet zahlreiche Möglichkeiten für großartige Ausblicke auf die Bass Strait und den Südlichen Ozean, malerische Sandstrände und steil zum Meer hin abfallende Felsküsten.

Westlich von Apollo Bay verläuft die Great Ocean Road landeinwärts und führt durch den Great Otway National Park, der von gemäßigten Regenwäldern geprägt ist. Eine Seitenstraße führt zum Cape Otway und dem dort errichteten Leuchtturm.

Im weiteren verläuft die Great Ocean Road in nordwestlicher Richtung. Dieser Teil der Küste ist größtenteils im Port-Campbell-Nationalpark geschützt und beherbergt einige der beeindruckendsten Küstenlandschaften der Welt. Die Erosion durch Wellen und Regen hat hier einige der bekanntesten Felsformationen geschaffen. Die Twelve Apostles, Loch Ard Gorge (mit dem Island Archway, der im Juni 2009 einstürzte), The Grotto, The Razorback und London Arch sind die Bekanntesten. Dieser Küstenabschnitt wird auch Shipwreck coast genannt, da hier mehr als 80 Schiffe gesunken sind.

Der weitere Verlauf der Great Ocean Road ist verhältnismäßig unspektakulär. Sie verläuft im Hinterland der Küste durch kleinere Ortschaften, bevor sie bei Allansford wieder auf den Princes Highway trifft und endet.

Galerie [Bearbeiten]

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

Commons Commons: Great Ocean Road – Album mit Bildern und/oder Videos und Audiodateien

Einzelnachweise [Bearbeiten]

  1. Spiegel-Online: Felsbogen an der Great Ocean Road eingestürzt

Melbourne Guide for hotels, sightseeing, car hire and entertainment Australia - melbourne.com.au

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Phillip Island: Penguins, Koalas and Kangaroos Day Tour from Melbourne

From AUD$137.00

Phillip Island: Penguins, Koalas and Kangaroos Day Tour from Melbourne
  • Duration: 10 hours (approx.)
  • Departs: Melbourne, Australia
  • Get up close to Australia's famous wildlife on a day trip to Phillip ...  More info ›

Puffing Billy Steam Train, Yarra Valley and Healesville Wildlife Sanctuary Day Tour

From AUD$138.00

Puffing Billy Steam Train, Yarra Valley and Healesville Wildlife Sanctuary Day Tour
  • Duration: 9 hours (approx.)
  • Departs: Melbourne, Australia
  • Enjoy a day tour in the Victorian countryside just outside of Melbourne. ...  More info ›

Grampians National Park and Australian Animals Small Group Tour from Melbourne

From AUD$139.00

Grampians National Park and Australian Animals Small Group Tour from Melbourne
  • Duration: 13 hours (approx.)
  • Departs: Melbourne, Australia
  • Explore the rugged beauty of Victoria's Grampians national Park and see ...  More info ›



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Interesting Sites:
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Cheap Flights

Hotel Lindrum in Melbourne CBD

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Hotel Lindrum in Melbourne CBD

Hotel Lindrum Melbourne is a sophisticated contemporary traveller's haven located in the heart of cosmopolitan Melbourne.

Be only minutes from world-class theatres and restaurants, sporting venues such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG) and Tennis Centre and from the hub of thriving local and international business.

Hotel Lindrum in Melbourne is a unique 59 room boutique hotel that combines modern design with the ultimate in contemporary facilities and personalised service.

Athelstane House | Fine Food and Accommodation | Queenscliff Australia

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Built in 1860, Athelstane House is Queenscliff's oldest operating guesthouse. In 1999 a complete interior renovation added many contemporary luxuries but the building still maintains its historic exterior.

Our nine rooms have their own ensuites, eight with corner spa baths, colour remote TVs, panel heating, direct dial telephones, ceiling fans and all day room service. Athelstane is a perfect venue to indulge yourselves or perhaps, to come and enjoy with a group of friends.

We also cater for all types of small functions and can offer great deals for corporate retreats and planning meetings.

Athelstane now has broadband wireless internet access throughout.

Grand Pacific Hotel Lorne

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Grand Pacific Hotel Lorne

The hotel was built in 1875 with superb ocean views in one of the most unique settings on the coast, opposite surf beaches and the Lorne Pier. After being fully restored The Grand Pacific Hotel provides, comfortable and affordable accommodation, with modern services in a classic restored building.

The Grand Pacific Hotel offers great accommodation value, in either the hotel rooms in the original hotel or self contained apartments located next to the hotel.

Wine and dine while taking in the views in the Restaurant. The menu is modern, contemporary and offers seasonal daily changes.

Two function rooms are available to cater up to 200 guests. Boasting the Grand Pacific Ballroom offering floor to ceiling windows, with its own private entry, with breath taking views across Lorne Pier. Ideal for weddings, conferences, events or functions.

The Grand Pacific Hotel is an icon along the famous Great Ocean Road. Just a short trip from Melbourne, located amongst some of the most scenic coastline in Australia. The 137km trip takes around 2 hours taking you past some of Victoria's most spectacular beaches.

The Grand Pacific Hotel is the ideal place to base yourself when exploring Lorne and the Great Ocean Road.

 








National parks - Great Ocean Walk

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National parks - Great Ocean Walk




Port Campbell National Park


From rainforests, rivers and old volcanoes, to deserted coastlines with towering limestone stacks and sand dunes, the national parks of the Great Ocean Road region show the nature's diversity at its very best.




Great Otway National Park


Great Otway National Park is perfect for a wide variety of recreational and nature-based activities. Some of the most rugged and remote coastline in Victoria lies in the 12,876 hectare park. Stop off along the Great Ocean Road to explore this 60-kilometre stretch from Apollo Bay to Princetown. Visit Parkweb for more information.

Great Otway National Park Shipwreck PDF (73 KB)
Great Otway National Park Shipwreck Map PDF (1685 KB)
Great Otway National Park Surfcoast
Great Otway National Park Surfcoast Map PDF (1186 KB)



Port Campbell National Park


Famous for the Twelve Apostles rock formations and historic shipwrecks, Port Campbell National Park also contains the most significant areas of vegetation and fauna native to south-western Victoria. Discover coastal woodlands, dunes, wetlands, cliffs, limestone stacks and arches. Visit Parkweb for more information.

Port Campbell National Park notes PDF (536 KB)



Bay of Islands Coastal Park


Further west of Port Campbell National Park, the Bay of Islands Coastal Park stretches 32km from Peterborough to near Warrnambool. With spectacular ocean views, the park protects a variety of rare and threatened flora and fauna species in coastal heathland. The park includes the Bay of Martyrs, a long bay with spectacular scenery.

Parks Victoria: Port Campbell National Park page

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Port Campbell National Park



Park photo: Port Campbell National Park














Famous for the Twelve Apostles and historic shipwrecks, Port Campbell National Park contains the most significant areas of vegetation and fauna native to south-western Victoria. The diverse range of coastal environments includes woodlands, dunes, wetlands, coastal cliffs, limestone stacks and arches.

The Twelve Apostles are stacks are made of rock formed up to 20 million years ago, and are created by the sea gradually eroding the soft limestone cliffs. The coast is slowly changing and there are frequent small rock falls. There are also infrequent major events, the most recent occurred on Sunday 3 July 2005 when a large stack collapsed. The before and after photgraphs, taken by a visitor who witnessed the collapse, are shown below.

Twelve Apostles collapse



Things to Do
  • Scenic drives along the Great Ocean Road, stopping at points of interest.
  • Three self-guided walks at Loch Ard Gorge that introduce shipwreck history, geology, and coastal ecology.
  • Watch the thousands of Muttonbirds (Short-tailed Shearwaters) that fly in to their nest burrows from the sea each evening in summer.
  • Call at the National Park Information Centre in Port Campbell.
  • Try the Port Campbell Discovery Walk that heads west from the township.
  • Swim or surf at Port Campbell.
  • Snorkelling and scuba diving tours available.
Facilities
  • The visitor centre at the Twelve Apostles comprises an orientation area, upgraded interpretation displays along the boardwalk, toilets and a carpark that accommodates 190 cars and 12 coaches. Access to the viewing areas is now via a tunnel under the Great Ocean Road.
  • There is no camping in the park, but there is a privately-run campground in Port Campbell. Port Campbell also has accommodation to suit every budget.

Twelve Apostles Visitor Centre Kiosk
Open 9am-5pm, seven days a week (take away service only)
Sells a basic range of refreshments, with items including tea and coffee, cold drinks and confectionary and snacks such as biscuits and snack bars. The kiosk also sells a small range of personal convenience items such as sunscreen and insect repellent.

Heritage

Aboriginal people knew this shore well and had cut steps down the sheer cliffs to gain access to marine food sources.

European explorers soon realised the dangers of the coastline and gave it a wide berth. However, the number of shipwrecks that still occurred gave it the title of The Shipwreck Coast. Bass Strait was a major shipping route supplying the growing colonies of Victoria and New South Wales. Five shipswrecks, comprising both immigrant ships and traders, are located near this parks. The Loch Ard was wrecked in 1878. Fifty-two lives were lost. The two survivors were cared for at the Glenample Homestead. Four casualties from the wreck are buried in the Loch Ard cemetery.

Early settlement was based on pastoral runs, such as Glenample and a small fishing port developed at Port Campbell.

Aboriginal Traditional Owners

Parks Victoria acknowledges the Aboriginal Traditional Owners of Victoria - including its parks and reserves. Through their cultural traditions, Aboriginal people maintain their connection to their ancestral lands and waters.
Further information is available from Aboriginal Affairs Victoria AAV and Native Title Services Victoria

Fauna

Although relatively small and narrow, the park plays a vital role in fauna conservation in the region. It supports small populations of the Hooded Plover, a nationally significant species, as well as important populations of Rufous Bristlebird, Swamp Antechinus and Glossy Grass Skink.

Well-established tea-tree heathlands are important to the Rufous Bristlebird, while wetland areas provide food and nesting sites for the Australasian Bittern, Lewins Rail and Swamp Skink. Eastern Grey Kangaroos shelter in the denser vegetation of the park but frequently move into nearby farmland to feed.

Port Fairy - the holiday/festival town

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The magical scene of Port Fairy's waterfront and working docks


"I have stayed at Port Fairy and love it, have told people that I plan to retire in this beautiful town and fish and relax."


Colin Jones, Houston, Texas, USA.


Griffith Island Lighthouse


Port Fairy's working wharf


East Beach - most popular safe swimming beach

Port Fairy - the holiday/festival town

Welcome to Port Fairy, Victoria, Australia along the Great Ocean Road - the most prominant festival town in Victoria.

Hotel Victor - Victor Harbor - Fleurieu Peninsula - South Australia

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"Hotel Victor ... Victor Harbor's favourite meeting place!!"Victor Harbor is situated 80 kms south of Adelaide on the Fleurieu Peninsula, just an hour's drive from the Adelaide CBD, a drive that passes through the magnificent McLaren Vale Wine Region. Victor Harbor is South Australia's favourite seaside holiday destination. The Hotel Victor is located in the heart of Victor Harbor, overlooking Encounter Bay and Granite Island. Sandy beaches, golf tours, spectacular scenery, wildlife and a multitude of attractions and activities are all close at hand.




Hotel Victor main header image


Hotel Victor Harbor montage of images in around Victor Harbor, Fleurieu Peninsula, South Australia
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